The true cost of poor quality | Hydrocarbon Processing | April 2015. Good article on using RCA to drive production/operations improvement.
At many installations a significant level of effort is provided by the external resources of maintenance and reliability consultants.
The upside of condition-based monitoring and digital control systems is that they are proactive in preventing failure but the downside is they frequently mask the cause of failures. These near misses should be treated as failures and analysed as such.
There is a lot of interesting discussion and theory around staff resistance to maintenance program initiatives regarding buy-in, training and supporting the maintenance program, however I think the simple insight is that the Supervisors and Technicians have seen it all
In case you need a laugh, remember: It takes a college degree to fly a plane but only a high school diploma to fix one..